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KHASSI (LYNG-NGAM).                                          19
a cultivator (No. 58 in list of words). Here ryn-naw is probably for r-yn-aw from raw
(the Standard trei,1 hence V0, rdw}s to do. Pinally we apparently find the infix in
'nj-yn-nap, die, from njiap or njap, to die.
The conjecture may be hazarded (but it is a mere conjecture) that in these cases
the verbs are old compounds, and that the yn is inserted between the two members.
Thus rip, to beat, may be a corruption of pyr-iap* to cause to die, and rynip is forpyr-
yn-iap, 'r-yn-iap,, 'rynip.
The prefix of the Imperative is net, as in nei-ai, give; nei-lam, bring. Perhaps
also met in ma-kup, put-on; ma-phong, put-on; Compare List of words Nos. 79, 85,
ma-cJiong (standard skong), sit; ma-Ur, run.
The negative particle appears to be jis jiats jet, suffixed. Ji occurs in the parable
in wan-sah-ji, go-in would not; be-ai-ji3 gavest not; jlat, appears in daw-jfat, not
worthy ; jet in law bang ioh-jet jd, we did not get to eat (i e., were not able to eat) rice,
is perhaps the same word. Besides these a separate negative appears as ynji in ynji brea
yn-nai se-ju, no man gave to him ; njdp ynji, died no one. This^'a is probably connected
with the Standard jiw, ever, continually, which may possibly have assumed a negative
sense (qf. the French ptint, pas}jamai8, and the Persian hech). (Seejpostf, under War, u
corresponding use of ju.)
1 Standard ei becomes aw or 5w in Lyng-ngam.   Thus tcejssteaw; kynthei  kytithStc,